When learning a new language there are a lot of challenges you’d meet, but when learning the Chinese Language it’s a whole new challenge. But below is the 6 step hack to master Mandarin in Less than a year.
1. Listen to Mandarin as Often as Possible
Only concentrate on listening the first month or maybe two.
Start by concentrating on listening. Just become accustomed to sounds. You should read anything you listen to, but use a phonetic writing system, such as Pinyin, to get a better sense of what you hear. Eventually you'll have to learn the characters but at first you can take the characters out, and then try to get some traction in the language.
Starting to know characters is too difficult because you have no understanding of the words, what they sound like or how they work together. At the beginning a new language may sound like undifferentiated noise. The first step is to get used to the language's individual sounds, learn to differentiate words from each other and even have a few words and phrases reverberating in your brain.
2. Devote Time to Memorising Characters
The study of Chinese is a long-term project, Mandarin Chinese. It will get you in contact with the language and culture of more than 20% of humanity and the world's past. For this reason, if you want to learn the language, I always suggest studying Chinese characters.
You can work on Chinese characters once you choose to study them every day. Spend half an hour to one hour a day on characters learning. Use any process, but set dedicated learning time aside each day. Why every day?-Why every day? Since you almost forget the characters as soon as you learn them, so you have to learn them repeatedly.
Anki or any other modern computer-based learning system may be needed. My own spaced repeater system was developed. With the more frequent 1000 characters, I had 1,000 small cardboard flashcards. For these characters, I had sheets of squared paper. I 'd pick up one card and write the character on a squared paper ten times down, and then write over a few columns of meaning or pronunciation. Then I'd get another flashcard and do the same thing. Soon I ran into the sense or sound of my previous character. Then, a few times before I totally forgot that character, I wrote the new character down. For the 1000 characters first, I did this. Then I could learn it by reading, finding new characters and writing them out a few times by randomly hand.
When we pass, it becomes easier to learn new characters, as too many of the characters repeat. Each character has "radicals," which provide a glimpse of a character's significance. The sound is also provided by components of the characters. These radicals are helpful, but not at first to acquire characters. As in the case of many things, the acquisition of language is too distracted from explanations at the outset. I found that the efforts of teachers at the early stages of my learning to explain these radicals and other components were not very helpful. I didn't understand them. I didn't understand them. I only started to notice the components after enough exposure, which has accelerated my character learning.
3. Recognise Patterns Rather than Rules
Concentrate on the patterns. Don't get into complex grammar clarifications, just concentrate on patterns. We had a magnificent book by Harriet Mills and PS while I was studying. Perhaps. It has been called the Modern Chinese Intermediate Reader. They implemented patterns in every single class, and this is how I get a sense of how language worked. The patterns were frames I could create whatever I wanted to say.
I have no sense of Chinese grammar or grammar, yet I'm fluent. I saw books introducing special Chinese grammars. They 're not necessary, I believe. It is preferable to become accustomed to chinese patterns to express things in English with English patterns. Chinese has a very simple grammar, which is one of Chinese language learning pleasures. In many European languages there are no decay, conjugation, gene, verbal aspects, complicated times or other sources of confusion.
4. Read More than You Can Handle
Learn most. Whether I've learned more than my fellow classmates, it's because I've read what I can find on my side. I read a lot more than those of other teachers. I am not only talking about special texts for learners, I am talking about a wide variety of content on topics of interest to me. I was helped by the fact that for each chapter the Yale-in-China had a large series of readers with glossaries. We started with learner material using something called Chinese Dialogs, then graduated from a graded text on Chinese Culture called 20 Lectures.
5. Get the Rhythm of the Language to Master the Tones
Concentrate on listening. Whatever material I was reading, I wanted to listen. Reading will help you learn vocabulary, but listening will help you connect with the language and get ready to speak. Listening to understanding is the core skill required to engage in conversation with people.
One of Mandarin’s challenges is the tonalities. When we develop vocabulary, we know the sound of each character, but it is difficult to recall these while speaking. As part of sentences it is important to internalize the tones. Listening helps make this possible. Mandarin's intonation and rhythm, like any other phrase, may only come from listening to the native speaker. In theory, you can't know that.
6. Speak a lot and Don’t Second Guess Yourself
For an English speaker, the individual Mandarin sounds are not difficult to make. Tones are another story. You'll need a lot of practice, both talking to yourself and talking to others. Practise to imitate what you listen to. Find texts you got the audio for. Listen to a sentence or word, then seek to mimic the intonation without having to think too much about individual sounds. You might even want to compare to grab yourself. If you can get "infected" with the rhythm of the language, not only will your tone control increase, but it will also make your choice of words more native like.
Don't guess yourself on tones, or any other aspect of the language, when you speak. Just let flow out the words and phrases you learned and practiced, the errors and everything. Every time you use and become used to the language you use. If you enjoy interacting in Chinese, if you enjoy getting in the flow, singing to the rhythm, then your Mandarin will be improving further.
Don't worry about getting started to master pronunciation. We can't utter what we don't hear, nor imitate sounds and intonations that don't resonate with us. To build the capacity to hear the language and feel the language's music, we simply need to listen to hundreds or even thousands of hours and allow the brain to get used to the new language. You can't have the cycle hurried. Instead you can believe that you can slowly and naturally change. So whatever stage you are in Mandarin, talk without fear and trust your instincts. If you continue the habits of reading and listening, and if you continue to chat, the communication skills will naturally develop.